Sunday, October 19, 2008

Sophs- Revolution Study Guide

American History
Ch. 5 & 6- The American Revolution
Study Guide

Key Terms
- Albany Plan of Union
- Stamp Act
- Sugar Act
- Boycott
- Townshend Acts
- First Continental Congress
- Militia
- Minutemen
- Patriots
- Loyalists
- Common Sense
- Preamble

- John Adams
- Sam Adams
- George Washington
- Thomas Jefferson
- Paul Revere
- Ben Franklin
- John Hancock
- Thomas Paine

Ch. 5, Sect. 1- The French and Indian War
- Who fought in the French and Indian War? Who won?
- What was Ben Franklin’s Albany Plan of Union?
- What was capturing Fort Duquesne important?
- What was decided at the 1763 Treaty of Paris?

Ch. 5, Sect. 2- Turmoil over Taxation
- What was the Proclamation of 1763? Was it followed?
- Why did Britain impose new taxes on the colonies?
- What is meant by the term, “No taxation without representation?”
- Who were the new colonial leaders that emerged? (There are three listed in your notes)
- What happened at the 1770 Boston Massacre?

Ch. 5, Sect. 3- From Protest to Revolution
- What were the 4 punishments of the Intolerable Acts?
- What was decided at the First Continental Congress?
- Why were the battles at Lexington and Concord important?

Ch. 6- The Colonies Declare Independence
- Who was the author of Common Sense?
- Why was Common Sense written?
- Did Common Sense change the views of colonists?
- Who was part of the committee asked to draw up a declaration of independence?
- Who was the main author of the declaration?
- On what date was the Declaration of Independence official?
- What are the three main parts of the declaration?

Ch. 6- The Revolutionary War
- On Christmas night, Washington sailed across the Delaware River and captured what two cities?
- Why was the Battle of Saratoga important?
- The British surrendered at which battle?
- What did the 1783 Treaty of Paris conclude?
- What are 3 reasons why the Americans won the war?

The American Revolution- Video clip
- Who was the commander in chief of the continental army?
- What was the bloodiest battle of the war?
- How was the issue of slavery dealt with during congressional talks?
- What was Valley Forge?

John Adams- Part 1: Join or Die
- Why did John Adams decide to defend the British soldiers after the Boston Massacre?
- Did John Adams agree with Sam Adams’ tar and feather punishment for the British customs officials?

John Adams- Part 2: Independence
- Adams argued that the colonies needed to support the militia with what three things?
- When Adams declares that Washington be commander in chief, who seconds his decision? (Two men)
- What was Washington’s response to his appointment?

Time-line: Be able to put the following events in order. Include the year of the event.

Common Sense
Boston Massacre
Treaty of Paris to end the Revolutionary War
Declaration of Independence
Battles of Lexington and Concord

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