sarah dana gabby16.1.The set up and purpose of the study is the parents put rouge on the nose of the child, to see if the child could distinguish themselves, and get embarrassed. 2.16 months- have no recollection of themselves, show no embarrassment. 18 months- recognizes self, and touches his nose, and smiles and looks down. 3.Its significant because it shows after 18 months they have social emotions, recognize themselves, and show sympathy.18.1.They put the child in front of their mother and a stranger, in seperate situations to see how they would react when the adult acted upset or hurt.2. At 2 years of age, they child tried to get their mother to help the stranger out when they were upset. And when the mother was hurt, the child showed mixed emotions and feelings.3. It's because their mothers influence is important and they follow what the mother does in certain situations.19.1. They studied children at specific ages and the stages of their emotional development.2. 1)0-2 months, self-regulation.2)3 months, falling in love 3)4-8 months purposeful communication 4)9-18 months, complex interactions 5)18-24 months creation of emotional ideas 6)24-48 months, organized units of higher senses of self.3.It shows the different stages of emotional development throughout the first 3 years of life.
Marcellus Witt and Rachel SawinaE. Tronick:The set up of this study was to see how a child would respond to an unresponsive mother or a mother who is responsive.The findings of the study show that if the mother was unresponsive to the child, the child would disengage. If the mother was responsive to the child, the child would engage. The study is significant because it shows how child would act with severely depressed mothers.Dr. S. Greenspan:The purpose of the study is to help parents adjust their care so the baby can develop properly.The findings of this study show that treatment really does help and can begin as early as 2 months. The study is significant because it helps the child and parent relationship grow, helps prevent more serious problems, and can change family patterns.Dr. C. Izard:The set up of the study was to see the child's facial expressions change due to different conditions. the purpose showed that facial expressions are the windows to emotions.The findings of the study show that change occur in the eye brows, eyes, and mouth. Also the child made different faces for different emotions.The significance of the study is that when children make different facial expressions it show different emotions.
Morgan Taylor Matushik and Paige Ann McCallE. Tronick1. Starts out with a baby and it's mother, the mother starts out giving the child full attention and than was unresponsive and they wanted to see how the baby would react and control their emotions.2. When a mother is unresponsive, the baby will disengage. The baby would look away and try again to gain mother's attention, but no response and baby would lose control of it's bodily functions. Try to find out how much stimulation a baby can handle.3. The study shows the importance of parent and child dialogue. It creates a bond of trust between the two.Visual Cliff1. Place a baby on a hard surface with half wooden half glass top and to the baby it looks like it drops off. The purpose of the study was to see what a baby that was just beginning to crawl would do and a baby that has been crawling for one month.2. They found that a baby who is just beginning to crawl will cross over and not notice the visual cliff while a baby that has been crawling for a month won't cross over onto the glass. The facial expressions of the mother would play a role in the child's decision whether to cross or not.3. Reading facial expressions, when a mother had a scared face the baby would not cross and than when she had a happy face they would try to cross and get to their mom.Drs. Yarrow & Waxler1. The purpose was to see how the baby would react to a stranger that was upset and also how they would react to their mother upset.2. Children can read others' emotions around the age of 2. When the stranger was upset, the child asked "why?" and went to the mom to help the stranger. With the mother, the child showed mixed emotions. First the child laughed and than kissed her mom's boo-boo(finger). 3. The sympathy/empathy the child receives from their parents is important to how a child reacts to other people getting hurt.
Angie Benner & Devin DiverVisual Cliff1. They set up a visual cliff that the child had to cross in order to get to their parent. They made it look like there was a drop but there was transparent glass over it. It was to test their fear of heights, their behavior and their depth perception. 2. When a child first begins to crawl there is little to no fear. The one month old was scared to cross but when the mother showed a happy face the child crossed the glass. When the mother showed a very scared face when the baby was about to crawl over the glass, the child stopped and backed away. 3. It proves that fear is not innate. This study shows how parents influence their child's behavior and decisions. It also shows the development of fear at certain ages.Dr. M. Lewis1. They put the child in front of the mirror at first to see if they recognized themselves. Then they put rouge on their noses and placed them back in front of the mirror to see their reaction. 2. The 16 month old had no recognition of self and was not embarrassed when the rouge was placed on his nose. The 18 month old was embarrassed and showed recognition of self when put in front of the mirror. 3. This study shows the growth of social emotions, that children can recognize themselves. It also shows that a child can show sympathy. J. Kagan1. They set up a playground area with a bunch of toys and placed a couple children in the room. The purpose was to observe temperamental development. 2. 10-15% were cautious. The example in the video showed the child clinging to their mother and watching the outgoing child play with the drums. 3. This study shows early signs of shy vs outgoing personalities. Three areas of temperamental/emotion that seem to have biological basis according to this experiment are mood, activity level and emotional intensity.
Riki ParryMatt BeattieVisual Cliff1. The visual cliff experiment is a study where they take the child who is just learning to crawl and places them on a object as if it's a cliff. They then do the experiment again with a baby who has been crawling for a month.2. When they are just beginning to crawl it is not innate. When they are first beginning to crawl they seem to have no fear because of lack of experience. After one month the child becomes more aware of their surroundings and they show fear.3. In the study the parents play a big role in weather or not the child will cross the cliff. The expressions on the parents face seem to have a big impact and change the baby's decision.E. Tronick1. This study is done to show how a baby controls their emotions and how much stimulation the baby can handle. The study is designed to figure out behaviors of disengagement and also any other emotional patterns that are triggered through the infant and the mother.2. The study shows a bond between the mother and the baby. In the study the mother and the baby develop a pattern in which the baby can figure out what it wants through different emotions. When the baby smiled the mother smiled and would come closer to it and give it attention. The mother then ignored the baby and this caused the baby to try again, but when the baby didn't receive attention it lost bodily functions and began to drool.3. The study is important because over time in cases where the parent completely ignores the child they can figure out signs of disengagement and unregulated functions.Dr. C Izard1. The purpose of this study is to find emotions through facial expressions. Facial expressions are known to be the window to emotions and with that reading a baby can become easier.2. The findings of the study are broken down into three regions. The eyebrows, eyes, and mouth are the three main parts of the face of which change occurs and thats how you can tell certain emotions.3. Anger, joy, sadness, disgust, surprise, fear, and interest are all emotions that can be detected when using the three regions otherwise known as the coding system. With all this emotions are less disguised and communication with the baby can become more essential.
Melanie PatnaudeAllie BurkeDr.S.Greenspan In Dr.Greenspans study a mother was having trouble with the way her son was treating his younger sister. The son would play rough with the daughter and not realize he was being to rough for her. The mother went to Dr.Greenspan because she was concerned that one day the brother would seriously hurt the sister. Dr.Greenspan observered the behavior of the children together and he told the boy that he had to be a partner for his mom and sister.Significant findings showed that if intervention is early the parent -child relationship could help prevent more serious problems. It is siginificant tot the emotional development of the child because the early intervention can help make familes work well together.R.Spitz Spitz's experiment was dealing with babies whose parents had been insitutionalized or in jail. He gave all the children the physical needs to surive but no emotional attention. The babies became apathetic,cried constanley,lost weight,and some even died. Also they had a look of grief on thier face and they had no sign of emotional development.The significant findings of this study is that it helps people to learn to intervine in a childs life because there is still abuse and neglect. It also tells you to look for signs and the grief expression. The study is siginficant to emotional development because it shows that the babies need emotional attention in order to emotionally develop. if they do recive the attention it could be fatal to the child.Dr.M.Lewis Dr.M.Lewis studied at what age a child was able to recognize themselves and show emotion of embrassment. the studied showed that at 16 months the child does not recognize themselves. but at 18 months the child was able to recognize themselves. the 18 month old touched his finger to his nose when rouge was on it. the child would smile then look down and then refuse to look at self. the significant findings of this study are that the child is developing its social emotions such as empathy,guilt,pride,embrassment,etc. this is sigificant to emotional development because when they are able to recognize themselves they can also identify the social emotions of others.
nate and heatherJ. Kagan1. comparing temperamental development from the past and present. In the past the development was based more on environment and now it's based more on nature. Kagan believes biology is not destiny and that parenting can change a child's ways. They had an experiment where three children went into a play room and one of the girls was observing everything while standing next to her mother. There are usually 10-15% of children in this category. The three areas of temperament found were mood, activity level, and emotional intensity.Dr. M. Lewis2. Had a study where they had a child see him self in the mirror and try to see signs of embarrassment. They put rouge on the tip of children's nose and then put them in front of a mirror. 16 month old had no recognition and they weren't embarrassed. 18 month old smiled, turned head down, rubbed nose. After 18 months child can feel social emotions, can feel himself, and child can have sympathy and empathy for them self and others.Drs. Yarrow and Waxler3. At age 2 years old a child reacts with mixed emotions when they see that someone they know is hurt. They also try to get mother to help others when they see them crying or hurt. The child learns to follow what their mother did when he was hurt. She kissed the spot that was hurting and later when he hit his mother, she cried and he kissed the spot where he hit her. Imitation is key at this stage.
S.Blake, R.BorightE.Tronick:He had a mother and her child in a room to show the babies respones to the mother when she was smiling and laughing at the child. He also recorded the respone of the child when the the mother would not pay the bay any attetion.A. Baby needs to be able to control emotions and communication between mother and child is compared to a dance.B. Baby drools when the mother is unresponsive along with hiccuping and crying. C. baby becomes disengaged from mother.To show the relationship between mother and child and to show the affects on the child for lack of a relationship.Dr. S. Greenspan:He put a brother and a sister in a room together and taught the little boy to share with his sister to prevent sibling rivalry.A. Emotion problems can be treated as early as 2 months.Help families adjust there styles of parenting to meet the child's needs.B. Helps child parent relationships and prevents more serious problems.Helps children deal with problems they may be having and it helps the parents deal with there child.Visual Cliff:Babies were put in a controlled area to see what ages would or would not cross the visual cliff.A. fear of heights isn't innate.B. Facial expressions . smiles = babies crossed. frowns= they wouldn't.This is helpful to measure the amount of fear of heights with age.
J Kagan.1. Compared temperamental development between the past and present. In the past behavior is geared toward environment, now more toward biology and inborn characteristics. They set-up 2 children on a playground,one child cautious and one more outgoing. The cautious one hugged the mother and looked around at the other children. The outgoing child went right into playing. The significant findings from the study are that temperamental development can be changed by parenting. Also found that 10-15% of children are born either shy or outgoing. The Study observed the mood, activity level, and emotional intensity of the child. 2 R.SpitzThe purpose of the study is to help children who were abused or neglected. the mothers went to jail and the children that were observed lost weight and some died.
Julianna McCollick Amanda WestDr.Greenspan-- He started at their home to find out what was wrong with the relationship between the child and mother. Then he placed them in a play room that he set up to help fix the emotional problem. Then he did activities with the child and mother to try to help intervene.- He helps emotional problems and tries to fix them as early as 2 months. Also creates a loving relationship with the mother and family. An example is the brother and sister from the video; where the brother got rewarded for sharing with his little sister.- This is significant because it helps early emotional problems. It also helps with family situations. It prevents sibling rivalry. The good thing about this is it helps prevent emotional problems at an early stage.Visual Cliff--This study was set up with a platform with half regular and half a plexie glass that covers a drop. It was setup with the child at the regular side and then the mother at the other end of the platform. - This study had the question "Is fear of heights innate?" The study showed that fear of heights is not innate. It's based on the emotion attachment between mother and child. for example when the mother acted like she was scared for him (her face was with a fearful emotion) the child looked for his mother and backed off when he saw that she looked scared.- It is significant because it shows that fear is not innate. It also shows that the child's reaction is based on the Mother's facial expressions.J. Kagan - This study was in a play room with 3 children. All the mothers were on the side. 2 of the children ransacked everything while the one other stayed close to her mother and watched. - signifiacnt findings are with the 2 children to were searching through everything while one stayed low. 10-15% are born shy or outgoing. - Biology is not destiny. It is significant with emotional intensity, activity level, and mood. this is significant because it helps find out if the child is shy or outgoing.
Brennan Morton, Kristina Evans.1. Be able to give characteristics of an emotional dialogue between a parent and child.-The set up was a mother playing with her infant. the study was conducted to show the mother infant communication relationship.-Enable infant to control emotions. In sync with one another. can tell when to engage and disengage through emotional expression. It is like a dance between the mother and infant.-This study is significant to the emotional development of children because it shows that the mother does have an important connection/bond with the infant and can sense how the other feels.2. Discuss what happens if the mother is unresponsive to the child.-the set up once again was the mother playing with her infant. The purpose of the study was to show how the mother's emotional actions and how her feelings effected the child.- when the mother was unresponsive to the child the child disengages and looks away. he realizes something is wrong and he self comforts by looking away and playing with his hands. he also looses bodily control. - this is significant to the emotional development of children because it shows how the mother acts has a effect on how the child acts. this could have long term effects on the child, if it continues over a long period of time. 3. Explain and discuss R. Splitz's findings.-The study was conducted to show how infants are effected long term by abusive and neglecting parents. the set up was at a hospital for children with parents like this.-the children cried continuously
Ryan and Alyx 1.J Kagan. Compared temperamental development between the past and present. In the past behavior is geared toward environment, now more toward biology and inborn characteristics. They set-up 2 children on a playground,one child cautious and one more outgoing. The cautious one hugged the mother and looked around at the other children. The outgoing child went right into playing.The significant findings from the study are that temperamental development can be changed by parenting. Also found that 10-15% of children are born either shy or outgoing. The Study observed the mood, activity level, and emotional intensity of the child.2. Visual Cliff The set up of the visual cliff was to place a baby on a solid surface with half wood and half clear glass top so that it appears to drop off after the wood. The purpose of this study was to see what a child would do that had depth perception and what the child would do that had none. The child who had just began crawling crossed without hesitation. The child who had developed depth perception didn't cross unless the mothers face looked like an approving face. THe mothers face played a big role in if the baby who was scared would cross or not. When the mother looked happy the baby crossed with ease, when the mother looked scared the child didnt cross.3. E.Tronick The purpose of this study was to see if the baby would be respond to an unresponsive mother and when she payed him attention. When the mother was unresponsive the baby disengaged what he was doing. When the mother would continue to ignore him the child began to loose control of bodily control and started squirming and drooling out of frustration. The study help show how the childs well being relies on the mother paying attention to it and it helps develop a bond between the two.
Danielle Sassa Francesa FellE. Tronick 1. The set up starts out with the mother giving the baby all her attention, and than the mother becomes unresponsive to see the babies reaction.2. When the mother is unresponsive the baby looks away from her and becomes disengaged. The baby's body becomes unregulated. Baby begins to drool and hiccup. 3. This study shows the importance of a good relationship between mother and baby. Dr. C. Izard 1 . The purpose of this study was to distinguish the babies emotions through their facial expressions. Facial expressions are the window to emotions.2. The coding system to figure out the babies emotion were the change in eye brows , eyes, and mouth. 3. The emotions that were found through using the coding system were anger, joy, sadness, disgust, surprise, fear, and interest. This study helps with the communication between your baby. Visual Cliff1. The baby was placed on a a platform half regular half transparent glass covering the drop. The mother was standing on the other side of the platform. 2. The question to this study is fear of height innate? When the baby is just beginning to crawl there is no fear of height. After a month of crawling the baby than has a fear of height. 3. The study shows that fear of height is not innate, and the parents facial expressions affect their babies decision.
Roni ShanerTronick1. The purpose of this study was to show how a baby can control his or her emotions according to their needs making mothers attend to their babies. 2. The findings of this study were that when the mother responded to the baby the baby would become engaged, and when the mother did not respond to her baby the baby became disengaged.3. The study is significant because it shows that a baby can control his or her emotions , allowing to know what they can control with their emotions and what emotions are used for certain situations.Dr. S Greenspan1. The purpose of this study was to see how parents adapt to certain emotional situations with their children. Allowing them to meet their childrens needs.2. The study was significant because it helps with more serious problems and helps change family patterns.Visual Cliff1. The purpose of this study was to see whether childs fear of heights were inborn or developed as maturity developed.2. The findings were the difference in crawling ages played a role. That mothers facial expressions played a major role in whehter child crossed the visual cliff.3. The significance of this study was to see whether fear of cliffs was inborn or not.
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