Wednesday, January 19, 2011

Sophs- Transcontinental Railroad


Post Civil War America (1865-1900) was on the brink of many changes. Perhaps the biggest role in changing America at this time was the rise of technology and new innovations. Industry will boom, people will migrate, and the economy will be forever influenced. One particular advancement, the transcontinental railroad, linked east to west and opened up numerous opportunities and

Read this article about the transcontinental railroad and answer the following questions.

1. What were the names of the 2 companies that built the railroad? In which directions did they build? What was the time of completion?

2. Who were the workers on the railroad? Be specific?

3. What was the viewpoint about the Plains Indians?

4. Identify 3 effects of the transcontinental railroad on American life.

45 comments:

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Anuvrat Sheoran said...

Ans 1. The 2 companies that built the Transcontinental Railroad are The Central Pacific and The Union Pacific
The Central Pacific started to build east from Sacramento whereas the Union Pacific started to build west from Omaha .
Transcontinental Railroad was completed on 10th May 1869

Ans 2. The workers working on the Transcontinental Railroad were mainly from the 2nd wave of immigrants who were from Ireland , Germany and China who were even ready to work for lower wages .

Ans 3. The Plain Indians were considered as obstacles to be removed General William Tecumseh Sherman wrote in 1867: "The more we can kill this year, the less will have to be killed the next year, for the more I see of these Indians the more convinced I am that they all have to be killed or be maintained as a species of paupers."

Ans 4. The 3 effects of Transcontinental Railroad on American Life are :-

1)The Railroad became the foundation for many new towns

2)Goods and services could be easily transported directly from factories in the East to the West

3)It divided the nation into 4 different time zones

Brock L. said...

1.The two companies that built the rail road were The Central Pacific who built east from Sacramento. The 2nd is Union Pacific who built west from Omaha, Nebraska. The time of completion was 6 years.

2.The workers on the rail road were Irish, Germans, Union and COnfederate soldiers. Also freed slaves and Chinese immagrants.

3.The view point of the Plain Indians were obstacles to be removed. They tried there best to kill as many as they can.

4.Three effects of the transcontinental railroad on American life are new time zones, founded new towns, and made trade and transporting goods easier and faster.

E.Nowell said...

1. The two companies that built the railroad were the Central Pacific which they built from the east from Sacramento, California and the Union Pacific, they built from the west from Omaha, Nebraska. The time of the completion was 1920.

2. Workers on the railroad were from all over. Thousands of workers, Irish and German immigrants, former Union and Confeederate soldiers, frees slaves, and especially Chinese immigrants played a part in the construction. Chinese immigrants hand drilled holes into which they packed black powder and later nitroglycerine. Eight Irish tracklayers put down 3,520 rails.

3. The viewpoint about the Plains Indians, many railroad builders viewed the Plains Indians as obstacles to be removed.

4.The three effects of the Transcontinental railroad on American life were, new phrases entered the American vocabulary, lef to the division of the nation into four standard time zones, and railroads founded many of the towns on the Great Plains on land grants they were awarded by the federal government and sold the land to settlers.

E.Nowell

Sean Baker said...

1) The two companies that built the transcontinental railroad were the Central Pacific, which built east from Sacramento, California, and the Union Pacific, which built west of Omaha, Nebraska. The railroad was completed around 1869.
2) Workers on the railroad included Irish and German immigrants, former Union and Confederate soldiers, freed slaves, and Chinese especially immigrants.
3) Many railroad workers viewed the Plain's Indians as obstacles that needed to be removed.
4) The railroad brought to new phrases to American life such as "time's up," and "time's a wasting." The train also divided the nation into four standard time zones. And to add to that, the railroad founded many of the towns on the Great Plains on land grants they were awarded by the federal government.

Niki Lemper said...

Niki Lemper

1.The two companies that built the railroads were the Central Pacific which built east from Sacramento, CA, and the Union Pacific built west from Omaha, NE. It was completed May 10, 1869

2. The workers on the railroad were Chinese immigrants.

3. The viewpoints about the Plains Indians were that they were an obstacle that needed to be removed.

4. Three effects of the transcontinental railroad were new phrases such as "time's up," "time's a wasting," and "the train is leaving the station.",the division of the nation into four standard time zones, and the railroads founded many of the towns on the Great Plains on land grants they were awarded by the federal government.

Kalla B said...

1. The names of the 2 companies that built the railroad are the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific. The Central Pacific built east from Sacramento, California. And the Union Pacific built west from Omaha, Nebraska. On May 10, 1869, it was completed.

2. The workers on the railroad were Chinese immigrants, Irish track layers, German immigrants, former Union and Confederate soldiers, and freed slaves.

3. The viewpoint about the Plains Indians was that they were obstacles to be removed.

4. 3 effects the transcontinental railroad had on American life were: new phrases entered the American vocabulary, led to the division of the nation into four different time zones, and it also founded many new towns.

Ashley Szumowski said...

1.
The names of the first 2 companies to build the railroad were Central Pacific and Union Pacfic. Central built east and Union built west. The railroad was built in almost 6 years.

2.
Thousands of workers, including Irish and German immigrants, former Union and Confederate soldiers, freed slaves, and especially Chinese immigrants played a part in the construction.

3.
Many of the railroad's builders viewed the Plains Indians as obstacles to be removed. General William Tecumseh Sherman wrote in 1867: "The more we can kill this year, the less will have to be killed the next year, for the more I see of these Indians the more convinced I am that they all have to be killed or be maintained as a species of paupers."

4.
The railroad had profound effects on American life. New phrases entered the American vocabulary such as "time's up," "time's a wasting," and "the train is leaving the station." It also led to the division of the nation into four standard time zones. In addition, the railroads founded many of the towns on the Great Plains on land grants they were awarded by the federal government, and then sold the land to settlers.

alexaaikens said...

1.The names of the two companies that built the railroad were the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific.Central Pacific built East from Sacramento,California. Union Pacific built West from Omaha, Neb.It was completed on May 10, 1869.
2.The workers on the railroad were Irish immigrants, German immigrants, chinese immigrants, former union & confederate soldiers,and freed slaves.

3.Many viewed the Plains Indians as obstacles to be removed.
4.The Transcontinental Railroad effected American life by New phrases entered into American vocabulary,also led to the division of the nation into 4 standard time zones, and the railroad founded many towns on the Great Plains on land grants awarded by the federal government and then sold the land to settlers.

GBourne said...

Gabrielle Bourne

1. The two companies that built the railroad were the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific. The Central Pacific started in the east from Sacramento, California. The Union Pacific started in the west from Omaha, Nebraska. The railroad was finally finished May 10, 1869.

2. There were many different people who worked on the railroad. Such as, Irish, German, and Chinese immigrants, long with retired Union and Confederate soldier, and freed slaves.

3. The viewpoint about the Plains Indians was that they were in the way and had to be moved. One General by the name of William Tecumseh Sherman was even willing to kill the Indians.

4. 3 effects the railroad had in American was it came up with new sayings, it also broke up American in 4 different time zones, and it founded many different towns.

Garrett M. said...

1. The names of the two companies that built the railroads were the Central Pacific which built east from Sacramento, CA and the Union Pacific which built west from Omaha, Nebraska. They both finished on May 10, 1869.
2. The workers on the railroad included Irish, German, and especially Chinese immigrants, and freed slaves.
3. The builders viewed the Plains Indians was obstacles that needed to be removed and/or relocated. General William Tecumseh Sherman wrote in 1867: "The more we can kill this year, the less will have to be killed the next year, for the more I see of these Indians the more convinced I am that they all have to be killed or be maintained as a species of paupers."
4. 3 effects of the transcontinental railroad on American life are first it was the main way of travel when one wanted to move or go on vacation. It also led to the division of the nation into four standard time zones, which subsequently led to new phrases entered the American vocabulary such as "time's up," "time's a wasting," and "the train is leaving the station." In addition, the railroads founded many of the towns on the Great Plains on land grants they were awarded by the federal government, and then sold the land to settlers.

Jenna Wolff said...

1) The Central Pacific built east from Sacramento, California, while the Union Pacific built west from Omaha, Nebraska. It was built in 6 years. It was completed in 1869.

2) Chinese immigrants hand drilled holes. Eight Irish tracklayers put down 3,520 rails, while other workers laid 25,800 ties and drove 28,160 spikes in a single day. Irish and German immigrants, former Union and Confederate soldiers, freed slaves, and especially Chinese immigrants helped with the railroad.

3) Many of the railroad's builders viewed the Plains Indians as obstacles to be removed. "The more we can kill this year, the less will have to be killed the next year, for the more I see of these Indians the more convinced I am that they all have to be killed or be maintained as a species of paupers."

4) Western agricultural products, coal, and minerals could move freely to the east coast. The transcontinental railroad united East and West. Passengers and freight could reach the west coast in a matter of days instead of months at one-tenth the cost. It also encouraged an American faith that with money, determination, and organization anything can be accomplished.

KevinJohnston said...

1) The two companies that built the railroad were the central pacific that built east from sacramento california and the Union Pacific that built west from Omaha Nebraska. The railroad was complete on May 10, 1869. The railroad took six years to build and was built entirely by hand.
2) The people that worked on the railroad were Chinese and irish immigrants, former union and confederate soldiers,freed slaves and also german immigrants. They worked long and hard shifts.
3) The plains Indians were viewed as obstacles to be removed.
4) The transcontinental railroad influenced american life greatly. It started new phrases such as "times up," and divided the nation into four standard time zones. one more effect the railroad had on the u.s. was that it grew the u.s. economy greatly and trade expansion grew.

Paul T said...

1. The 2 companies that competed in building the Transcontinental Railroad were the Central Pacific Company who built east from Sacramento, California and the Union Pacific company who built west from Omaha, Nebraska. The railroad was completed on May 10, 1869, at Promontory Summit, Utah; there a golden spike was hammered into the final tie.

2. The workers for the Central Pacific were Chinese immigrants and the workers for the Union Pacific were Irish immigrants. Other people who worked on the railroad were German immigrants, Union and Confederate soldiers, and freed slaves.

3. The viewpoint of the Plains Indians was that they were obstacles that had to be removed. General William Tecumseh wrote: "The more we can kill this year, the less will have to be killed the next year, for the more I see of these Indians the more convinced I am that they all have to be killed or be maintained as a species of paupers."

4. Effects on American life from the railroad are: New vocabulary during the building of the railroad, agricultural products and people could travel on the train much faster east and west then other means of transportation, and the completion of the railroad encouraged Americans that having money, determination, and organization anything can be accomplished like the railroad proved.

Logan Worsh said...

1. The two companies that built the railroads were The Central Pacific and The Union Pacific. The Central Pacific built East and the Union Pacific build West. The time of completion was about six years.
2. The railroad workers were immigrants, including Irish, Chinese, freed slaves and Germans
3. The viewpoint about the plains was that they were seen as an obstacle.
4. Three way s the railroad changed America were that new dialect was learned and introduced, the nation created time zones and many towns and farming territories were now available and easily accessed.

Joey Witinski said...

Joey Witinski
1.What were the names of the 2 companies that built the railroad? In which directions did they build? What was the time of completion?

2. Who were the workers on the railroad? Be specific?

3. What was the viewpoint about the Plains Indians?

4. Identify 3 effects of the transcontinental railroad on American life.


1) The Central Pacific built east from Sacramento, Calif., while the Union Pacific built west from Omaha, Neb. On May 10, 1869, at Promontory Summit, Utah, a golden spike was hammered into the final tie.
2) The workers were 80 percent Chinese immigrants, the others were Americans and Irish immigrants.
3) The Plains Indians were looked upon as a problem that had to be killed.
4) America formed time zones, Western agricultural products, coal, and minerals could move freely to the east coast, and the transcontinental railroad united East and West.

Jackie C said...

1. The names of the 2 companys were The Central Pacific and T.he Union Pacific. The central pacific started in the west and the union pacific started in the mid-east. May 10, 1869 was the time of completion
2. the union pacific used Chinese immigrants and the central pacific used Irish immigrants.
3. The viewpoint about the Plain Indians was that they were obstacles that needed tobe removed.
4. Three effects of the Transcontinetal railroad were that many products could move freely across the country, it united East and West, and passengers could reach east/west in a matter of days rather than months.

Drew Adami said...

1. The names of the two companies that built the transcontinental railroad were the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific. The Central Pacific built form Sacramento and the Union Pacific built from Omaha. The railroad was built in six years.
2. The workers were Irish and German immigrants, former Union and Confederate soldiers, freed slaves, and Chinese immigrants.
3. Many of the railroad's builders viewed the Plains Indians as obstacles.
4. Three effects it had on American life was it introduced new phrases, founded new cities, and it led to the division of the four time zones.

Eddie Mendez (: said...

1. The two companies were the Central Pacific an the UNion PAcific. The Central Pacific built from Sacramento, California while the UNiom Pacific built west from OMaha, Nebraska. The time of completiton was on MAy 10, 1869.

2.There were thousands of workers including Irish and German immigrants, former UNion and Confederate soilders, freed slaves, and especially Chinese immigrants.

3.Many viewed the Plains Indians as obstacles to be removed. Basically they wanted to get rid of these Indians.

4.The transconetinetal railroad proviedmany oppurtunities for financial chiconeru, corruption, gult, and bribery. It aslo made it easier and cheaper to get goods and people from place to place. More people could now travel across the United States.

Anthony Jezyk said...

1. The Central Pacific built the railroad going east from Sacramento, California. The Union Pacific built the railroad going west from Omaha, Nebraska. It took a total of six years.

2. The workers consisted of Irish and German immigrants, former Civil War soldiers, freed slaves, and Chinese immigrants. The Chinese especially worked for the Central Pacific.

3. The viewpoint about the Plains Indians were that they were obstacles to be removed.

4. Three effects of the transcontinental railroad on American life is that it gave us the idea of time zones. Also, it gave us new vocabulary like "time's up." Another one is that the railroads made many towns start up do to all of the railroads.

Ashley McKenzie said...

Ashley McKenzie
Transcontinental Railroad

1. What were the names of the 2 companies that built the railroad?
The two names of the companies that built the railroad were, Central Pacific and Union Pacific

In which directions did they build?
The directions they built were, Central Pacific bulit east of Sacramento Cali
Union Pacific built west of Omaha Neb.

What was the time of completion?
The time of completion was about six years

2. Who were the workers on the railroad? Be specific?
The workers of the railroad were, Irish and German immigrants, former Union and Confederate soldiers, freed slaves, and Chinese immigrants

3. What was the viewpoint about the Plains Indians?
The viewpoint about the Plains Indians were obstacles to be removed

4. Identify 3 effects of the transcontinental railroad on American life.
1.) The first effect of the transcontinental railroad on American Life is, new phrases entered the American vocabulary
2.) The second effect is it led to the division of the nation into four standard time zones
3.) The last effect is the railroads founded many of the towns on the Great Plains

aidan said...

Aidan McGiff

1. The Union Pacific went east to west and the Central Pacific went from the west coast heading east. On May 10, 1869, the last railroad tie was hammered down.
2. The Union Pacific was made up of Irish and German immigrants and The Central Pacific was made up of Chinese immigrants.
3. The viewpoint about the Plains Indians was that they were obstacles that that needed to be removed/ killed.
4. 1. it allowed Americans to move west with much greater ease.
2. it allowed western coal, minerals and agricultural products to move freely to the east.
3. it showed America that with money, determination, and organization anything was possible.

John S. said...

1. The names of the two companies that built the railroads were the Central Pacific, which built east from Sacramento, and the Union Pacific, which built west from Omaha, Nebraska. The time of completion was 1863-1869.

2. The workers on the railroad included Chinese, German and Irish immigrants, as well as former Confederate soldiers and slaves.

3. The viewpoint on Plains Indians were that they were "obstacles that needed to be removed." In other words, they needed to be eradicated.

4. Three effects of the railroad on American life and culture included:
* New phrases like "the train is leaving the station" and "times a-wasting"
* Division of the nation into four standard time zones (eastern, central, mountain, and pacific time)
* Western agricultural products and coal could move freely from the west coast to the east coast

jill radka said...

1. The Central Pacific built east from Sacramento, Calif., while the Union Pacific built west from Omaha, Neb. The railroad time completion was 6 years.


2. Thousands of workers, including Irish and German immigrants, former Union and Confederate soldiers, freed slaves, and especially Chinese immigrants played a part in the construction.


3. Many of the railroad's builders viewed the Plains Indians as obstacles to be removed.


4. The completion of the transcontinental railroad changed the nation. Western agricultural products, coal, and minerals could move freely to the east coast. Just as the Civil War united North and South, the transcontinental railroad united East and West. The success of the transcontinental railroad encouraged an American faith that with money, determination, and organization anything can be accomplished.

Anastasia McGovern said...

1. The two companies who built the Transcontinental Railroad were Central Pacific who built East and the Union Pacific who built West. It was built in six years.

2. Workers who helped build the Transcontinental Railroad were Irish and German immigrants, former Union and Confederate soldiers, freed slaves, and Chinese immigrants.

3. The viewpoint about the Plains Indians was that they were obstacles that needed to be removed.

4. Three effects of the transcontinental railroad on American life were new phrases like "times up", "times a wasting" and "the train is leaving the station". It divided the nation into four different time zones. It also founded many of the towns on the Great Plains on land grants they were awarded by the federal government, and then sold the land to settlers.

Stephen Camponelli said...

1. the names of the 2 companies that built the railroad were unions they built the Union Pacific which traveled east from Omaha, Neb. and the Central Pacific which traveled from Sacramento, Cal.
2.The Chines and the Irish were the main workers that worked on th railroad
3. They were viewed as obstecals that needed to be removed
4.It brought more jobs, a quicker way to travel and a new national market.

andrew maiura said...

1.) The names of the two companies were the Central Pacific Company building from Sacramento California and Union Pacific from Omaha Nebraska. the railroad was completed on May 10, 1869.

2.) Many of the workers included Irish, German, and Chinese immigrants, along with former soldiers and slaves.

3.) The Plains Indians were viewed as obstacles that needed to be removed.

4.) Effects of the railroad were that the east and west were united, goods could go east to west freely, and people could frieght in a few days for only $150.

Victoria Bailor said...

the two names of the railroad companies during this time were The Union Pacific and The Central Pacific. The Union built from the east and The Central from the west. The railroad took 6 years to build.

The workers on the railroad were the Chinese, Confederate soliders, German, and Irish.

The viewpoint about the Plain Indians was they were just obstacles of building the railroad.

Three effects of the railroad were new civilizations, trade, and transportation from east to west and west to east.

Courtney Manley said...

1. The names of the 2 companies that built the railroad were the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific. The Central Pacific built east from Sacramento, CA and the Union Pacific built west from Omaha, NB. They completed this 1863.

2. The workers on the railroad were Irish and German immigrants and some Chinese.

3. Many railroad builders saw the Plains Indians as an obstacle that needed to be removed.

4. The 3 effects of the transcontinental railroad on American life was that it allowed investors to grant lucrative construction contracts to themselves, this bankrupted the railroads. It also led up to the division of the nation into four standard time zones. The last effect was the railroads founded land grants and sold the land to the settlers.

Courtney Manley
American history

victor anderson said...

1.The two companies that made the railroad were Central and Union Pacific.
2. People that worked on the railroad were immigrants from China and Ireland
3.Plains Indians were seen as obstacles to be removed.
4.The railroad created new phrases which we now here everyday, divided the nation into 4 time zones, and railroads founded new towns.

Kelsey Griffin said...

1. The names of the two companies that built the railroad where Union Pacific built in form the east and Central Pacific from the west. This took place between 1863 and 1869.

2. The workers were Chinese, Irish, and German immigrants, freemen, and former soldiers from the civil war.

3. The Plains Indians were seen as obstacles to be removed and killed.

4. Three effects of the transcontinental railroad on American life were new phrases enter American vocabulary, it led to the creation of the four standard time zones, many town were founded on the Great Plains and further settlement of the Great Plains as the as land was sold to settlers.

Rachel Warrington said...

1. The two names of the companies that built the railroad were the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific. The Central Pacific built to the east from Sacramento, California. The Union Pacific built to the west from Omaha, Nebraska. The railroad was completed in six years almost entirely by hand on May 10, 1869.
2. Chinese, Irish, and German immigrants worked on the railroad.
3. The Plains Indians were view pointed as obstacles that needed to be removed. They wanted to kill the Indians so that the train tracks could take up more of land.
4. One effect of the transcontinental railroad on American life was new vocabulary, such as "time's up", or "time's a wasting". It also caused the country to divide into four different time zones. It also founded many towns on the Great Plains so that more people could settle.

Zhalen G. said...

1. The Union Pacific built tracks on the flat land towards the west. The Central Pacific built through the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The time of the completion was 188-1920.
2. Some people that worked on the railroads were Chinese immigrants.
3. The viewpoint of the plains Indians were that they were obstacles to be removed.
4. Three effects of the transcontinental railroad are increased towns, financial opportunities, and it united the east and west

daniel downes said...

1. the names of the two companies that built the rail road was central pacific and the union pacific. the central pacific started going east from Sacramento, Californa and the union pacific started heading west from Omaha, Nebarska. May 10, 1869 was the date of completion.

2.Irish and German immigrants, former Union and Confederate soldiers, freed slaves, and Chinese immigrants were the workers on the railroad.

3. the viewpoints of the plains indians were that they were obstacles and needed to be removed or in other words killed.

4. one effect of the transcontinental railroad on american life is the development in time zones. another effect is Western agricultural products, coal, and minerals could move freely to the east coast, and the finial affect on american life is traveling. traveling was now alot cheeper, faster, and safer.

joey giannars said...

1)the two companies were the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific. The Central Pacific built east from Sacramento, Calif., while the Union Pacific built west from Omaha, Neb. On On May 10, 1869the railroad was completed.

2)Thousands of workers, including Irish and German immigrants, former Union and Confederate soldiers, freed slaves, and especially Chinese immigrants played a part in the construction.

3)Many of the railroad's builders viewed the Plains Indians as obstacles to be removed.

4)Many indians were being killed, many job were being given to the immigrnts, and now there is an easier a cheaper way to ge across the county.

sorry it is so late

Mark Lizza said...

1) The Central pacific built east from Sacramento California, while the Union Pacific bulit west from Omaha Nebraska. It was finished in 1869.
2) They were mainly Chinese immigrants that endured hard conditions.
3) Many people viewed them as obstacles that had to be removed.
4) It made transportation much easier in the United States. New phrases like "times up" surfaced. Finally, it divided the nation into 4 different time zones.

John McKeever said...

1) The two companies that built the railroad were the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific. The Central Pacific built east from Sacramento, Calif. The Union Pacific built west from Omaha, Neb. The railroad was completed on May 10, 1869.

2) The workers on the railroad were mainly Irish an German who came from the second wave of immigrants.

3) The Plain Indians were mostly viewed by workers on the railroad as obstacles that needed to be removed.

4) Three affects of the Transcontinental Railroad were that it divided the nation into three different time zones, new phrases entered the American vocabulary, and that many products could be moved around the country freely.

Reid White said...

1. The two companies that built the Transcontinental Railroad were The Central Pacific and The Union Pacific. The central pacific built east from Sacramento, California, and the Union Pacific, built west of Omaha, Nebraska. The railroad was completed May 10, 1869.

2. Workers on the railroad were the, Irish and German immigrants, also former Union and Confederate soldiers, freed slaves, and mainly the Chinese.

3.The viewpoint about the Plains Indians were that they were in the way, and they needed to be removed.

4. The transcontinental railroad greatly influenced American life. It started new sayings such as "times up," and divided the country into four standard time zones. The railroad led to the growing of the US economy.

Lauren Talley said...

1. The Central Pacific was one campany that built eastward from California and it was finsihed on May 10, 1869 . The Union Pacific was the second company and it built west from Neberaska and was finished on May 10, 1869.
2. The workers on the railroad were Irish and German immigrants, former Union and Confederate soldiers, freed slaves, and alot of Chinese immigrants. The Chineese were the main group of workers.
3. The viewpoints were that the Indians were obstacles that needed to be moved out of their way.
4. Three effects are time zones, new towns sprung up, and transported goods faster.